jA0GCrZHAc6tUwR2BjdsX3ulDRI September 2013 | my cat care blog

Monday, 9 September 2013

Things To Know About Abused Cats-Cat care

Things To Know About Abused Cats
Cats that have been abused can appear severely maimed and damaged all over their exterior. 
Some may appear to be in perfect shape on the outside, although all of the damage they sustained may be internal or emotional. 
Even though physical damage is bad, emotional damage is much tougher to fix. Cats who have physical abuse will still answer to a soft touch and soft voice, as long as they know that the abuse has come to an end.
cat care
When you have a cat that has been emotionally abused, you’ll need to wait until the cat comes to you. You’ll need to use patience, as the cat will be confused and not know if you plan to hurt him or not. 
 If you take your time and let him know that you are nothing to fear, he will eventually come to you. When he starts to come to you, you can let him sniff you and pet him. 
After a while, he will learn that he can trust you and he will come to you when you call him.
cats dental care
Yelling, raising your voice, or using disciplinary tools such as flyswatters or water guns the wrong way can lead to emotional damage. 
 If you continue to use the wrong means of discipline on an emotionally damaged cat, the cat can become mean or lethargic. 
When a cat turns mean, it’s not always a bad thing. Meaner cats are easier to reach, as they still care a bit about what happens to them – while lethargic cats could really care less.

Cats that have become lethargic won’t play, take treats, or respond to anything you say to them. With a lethargic cat, the ideal way to get him to respond is to bring in a companion cat. Over time, a lethargic cat will eventually look for attention, normally a scratch or a pat. When this happens, you should always use a soft voice and snuggle with him. 
 Never raise your voice at this point, and make sure you let the cat know that his behavior is a lot better.

You should make slow movements around a lethargic cat, as he is still quite traumatic. 
Once he is coming around and letting you touch him again, he is getting back to his normal self. Keep in mind that it may take some time, which is to be expected with this type of situation.
 If your cat starts to get upset again or if you raise your voice, he will hide again. If you continue to use a soft voice and have patience, your cat will eventually get past this. 
 If you get a cat that is lethargic, you should prepare yourself for a long and very intensive healing period.
cat grooming tips
Angry or mean cats on the other hand, will either fight and scratch with you, or simply run away from you. 
With mean cats, the best thing to do is use gentle treatment with a soft voice. You can never try to raise your voice or use strict discipline, as it will only make the cat meaner. 
 Never attempt to trap the cat either, as trapping it will only make the cat react. If you take your time and let the cat know that you are there for him, he will eventually calm down.

Abused cats are truly a sad thing, although they are out there. Abused cats can be a sad thing to see indeed, especially those that were physically abused. 
Abused cats need a loving home and a loving owner who will give them the type of lifestyle they deserve. 
 Always remember that if you are dealing with an abused cat – you should always be as gentle as you possibly can.

Abnormal growths in the lower intestines of cats-Cat care

The growth of the flap-like protrusions in the cat is a condition called Rectoanal polyps anal and rectal walls. 
These polyps can be directly connected, connected to the intestinal walls (sessile), or through a cylindrical stalk-like connection.
The most Rectoanal polyps are non-cancerous, and only extensions of the innermost tissue lining of the intestinal wall. 

And while most cases of polyps in the rule are isolated, there are several polyps occasions suffering from cats.
The condition in this medical article described can dogs and cats influence. 

If you would like to learn how, Rectoanal polyps affects dogs, visit this page in the PetMD health library.
Cats suffer from Rectoanal polyps show tenderness or pain in the pass stool. 
The Chair are stained with blood or covered with mucus.
The exact cause of Rectoanal polyps is not clearly known. 

However, Rectoanal polyps are rare in cats, and neither race nor gender increases the likelihood of the clients of this disorder.
Your vet performs a thorough physical examination to your cat, considering the history of symptoms and possible errors that could have resulted in this State. 

Some of the common tests are a blood work and a urinalysis, which returns as normal. Imaging tools, such as x-rays and ultrasound do not apply for this specific diagnosis.
Some conditions that similarly caused by polyps can produce symptoms which are abscesses, tumors, inflammation, infection of the bowel and rectal prolapse. Diagnosis is typically a manual rectal exam the cat by a veterinarian, or by direct visualization of the polyp through the external anal opening.

Having a polyp is found, a colonoscopy with a steel pipe, flexible camera, can be conducted inserted through the anal opening, the presence of other polyps. 
A detailed pathological study of the tissue, as also the liquid from the polyps can also be filled out.
A thorough examination of the properties of urine; to determine the presence or absence of disease
The fall of something, as a rule visceral forward
A growth on the surface of the body
A type of mucus, which consists of certain salts, cells or leukocytes

Addison’s Disease in Cats-Cat care

Addison’s Disease in Cats
Hypoadrenocorticism is characterized by deficient production of glucocorticoids (cortisol) and/or mineralocorticoids (aldosterone). 
Mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids are hormones normally produced by the adrenal glands, which are located near the kidneys. Both of these hormones are critical to the healthy functioning of the body, and an abnormal increase or decrease of either of these hormones can lead to serious health problems if not addressed in time. 
Deficient production of both these hormones can affect the nervous system, the gastrointestinal system, the kidneys, or the cardiovascular system, and as a result, can lead to a number of symptoms, notably weakness, dehydration, low blood pressure, depression, heart toxicity, vomiting, blood in feces, and weight loss.

 No breed predilection is reported in cats, though it is very rarely reported in cats overall.
Symptoms can vary depending on the duration of the problem. Life-threatening symptoms are usually observed in acute episodes of this disease. 
The following symptoms are commonly observed in cats:
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiencyMetastatic tumorsLong term glucocorticoid withdrawal
You will need to give your veterinarian a thorough history of your cat's health and onset of symptoms. 
Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam on your pet, including routine laboratory tests, a complete blood count, biochemistry profile, and urinalysis. 
The complete blood count may reveal anemia, an abnormally high number of eosinophils (a type of white blood cells that readily stains with eosin dye), and an increased number of lymphocytes (also a type of white blood cell) called (lymphocytosis).

Serum biochemistry testing may reveal an abnormally higher level of potassium, and an accumulation in the blood of urea - nitrogenous waste products that are usually excreted out of the body through the urine (azotemia). 
Other findings include lower levels of sodium (hyponatremia) and chloride (hypochloremia), increased levels of calcium (hypercalcemia), increased liver enzymes, including ALT and AST, and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). The urinalysis may reveal a low concentration of urine. 

The definitive test for diagnosing this condition is by detecting the levels of cortisol in the body. Normally the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is produced by the pituitary gland, which then stimulates the adrenal glands to release their hormones. 
ACTH can be injected into the body to test the normal response functions of the adrenal glands.
 If your cat’s adrenal glands do not show an increase in the release of hormones after being given ACTH, then the diagnosis of hypoadrenocorticism will be confirmed. 
 Visual diagnostic procedures, like X-ray and ultrasound, may reveal smaller than normal adrenal glands.

A medical condition involving excessive thirst
The gland that is found at the bottom of the brain whose job is to maintain appropriate levels of hormones in the blood

The product of protein being metabolized; can be found in blood or urine.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness

A heightened number of lymphocytic leukocytes in the blood of an animal
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
Low amounts of glucose in the blood

The condition of having urea and other nitrogenous elements in an animal's blood.
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.

A medical condition in which the body has lost fluid or water in excessive amounts

The digestive tract containing the stomach and intestine
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.

Accumulation of Air Between Chest and Lungs in Cats-Cat care

Accumulation of Air Between Chest and Lungs in Cats
Pneumothorax is the medical term for an accumulation of air in the area between the cat's chest wall and lungs (the pleural space).

 It may be categorized as traumatic or spontaneous, and closed or open.
Both dogs and cats are susceptible to pneumothorax. If you would like to learn more about how this disease affects dogs please visit this page in the PetMD
health library.
There are four main categories of pneumothorax: traumatic, spontaneous, closed, and open. 
Symptoms vary depending on the type of pneumothorax, though some common signs include rapid breathing (tachypnea), difficulty breathing (dyspnea), shallow rapid breathing from the abdomen, and rapid heart rate (tachycardia).

Traumatic pneumothorax, which occurs when air accumulates in the pleural space and is due to some sort of trauma, such as a car accident, may be evident by the signs of shock.
Cats with spontaneous pneumothorax, on the other hand, may show sings of lung disease.
 Spontaneous pneumothorax is due to a non-traumatic cause, and may be primary (meaning it occurs in the absence of some underlying lung disease) or secondary (meaning it is associated with some type of underlying lung disease).
Open pneumothorax occurs when there is a defect located in the respiratory system, such as a puncture in the chest wall, resulting in contact between the pleural space and the outside atmosphere; closed pneumothorax, meanwhile, is identified as pneumothorax without any respiratory defects.
Traumatic pneumothorax is generally open, while spontaneous pneumothorax is always closed.
Another type of pneumothorax is tension pneumothorax, in which air is transferred into the pleural space during regular inhalation, becoming trapped, and creating a one-way transfer of air into the pleural space.
Causes vary depending on the type of pneumothorax. Traumatic pneumothorax may be due to a traumatic incident, such as a car accident, leading to penetrating injuries of the neck or chest. 
A surgical incision to the chest, or perforation of the esophagus during surgery may also lead to traumatic pneumothorax.
Spontaneous pneumothorax, meanwhile, may be caused by a foreign body in the lung, lung cancer or abscess, lung disease caused by parasites, or the development of blister-like structures in the cat's lungs, known as pulmonary bullae.
Two primary diagnostic procedures may be done in cases of suspected pneumothorax: thoracocentesis and bronchoscopy. 
Thoracocentesis, in which an intravenous (IV) catheter attached to an extension is inserted into the pleural cavity, can confirm diagnosis, and can also be used to remove air from the pleural space. 
Bronchoscopy involves the use of a thin tube with a tiny camera attached to it, inserted into the airways by way of the mouth. This is best done if there is evidence of tracheal or large airway trauma.

Additional diagnostic techniques may include X-ray imaging of the chest, and urine analysis.
The number of respirations per minute; one respiration equals an inhalation and exhalation
A medical condition in which the patient has an abnormally fast heartbeat
The puncturing of a hole in the wall of the chest as a means of drawing out fluid or air
The term for a quick heartbeat
A medical condition in which gas or air collects in the pleural space
Having a hard time breathing; breathing takes great pains
The tube that extends from the mouth to the stomach
The area between the folds of the pleura; airtight
A localized infection, usually a lesion filled with pus. Can be large or small in size.

Friday, 6 September 2013

Abnormal membrane opening in cats-cat care

Abnormal membrane opening in cats
Diaphragmatic hernias occur when an abdominal organ (such as stomach, liver, intestines, etc.) in an abnormal opening in the cat diaphragm, which separates the sheet of muscle moves the stomach into the chest area. 

This can occur (congenital) due to an acquired injury by a powerful shock such as a car accident or a defect at birth.
The condition or disease in this medical article described can dogs and cats influence. 
If you want to learn, as this disease this page in which PetMD library visit health concerns you dogs please.
Signs of a diaphragmatic hernia include irregular heartbeat, working breathing (especially after a powerful blow) and symptoms of shock. 

The abdomen may move fast (turf) or feel empty. 
Reactions can occur such as vomiting, diarrhea and flatulence because of damage to the bowel or stomach.
In congenital cases, the symptoms may not be immediately visible. 
Progressive symptoms are muffled heart sounds or heart murmurs, abdominal defects and problems with breathing.
 Characters can occur suddenly with damage to the intestine, spleen or liver.
In most cases, diaphragmatic hernia caused by trauma such as from a car or another powerful blow hit. 
Therefore diaphragmatic hernias occur most frequently with roaming cats for out there.
 The pressure of such an effect causes that allows an inner organs via the RIP sticking out a crack in the diaphragm.

The reason for congenital diaphragmatic hernia hernia is unknown, although certain breeds are more likely to develop this anomaly. 
Some breeds may be receptive, Himalayan cats show in particular higher numbers of congenital diaphragmatic hernia hernia. 
Other birth defects may in cats with a diaphragmatic hernia is born, and problems including rib fractures, organ failure and impaired lung expansion can further cause the condition.
The most useful diagnostic test is through the use of x-rays (X-ray), to uncover internal anomalies.
 If this is not sufficient, other imaging methods can be used such as ultrasound.
Other symptoms, at first seemingly caused by a diaphragmatic hernia is a collection of excess fluid in the space around the lungs or abnormally rapid breathing due to other causes.

Anemia Due to Chronic Kidney Disease in Cats

Production of red blood cells (RBCs) takes place in the bone marrow. 
For development and maturation of red blood cells to take place, bone marrow requires an adequate supply of a hormone called erythropoietin (EPO), a glycoprotein hormone that controls the production of red blood cells.
 Erythropoietin is produced by the kidneys. 
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), the kidney cannot produce an adequate amount of erythropoietin, resulting in bone marrow failure. 

Lack of RBC production will ultimately lead to anemia in cats that are suffering from chronic kidney failure. 
Middle-aged to older cats are most commonly affected by chronic kidney failure, but the condition may also occur in young cats.

As anemia in this case is principally related to chronic kidney disease, the symptoms are mixed, and relate to both CKD and anemia. Following are a few of the symptoms related to anemia in the presence of CKD:
Weight lossFatigueLethargyDepressionWeaknessApathy (state of indifference)Cold intoleranceChanges in behaviorTachypnea (rapid breathing)Tachycardia (rapid heartbeat)Syncope (fainting)Seizures

Following are some of the causes behind chronic kidney failure and anemia:
Chronic kidney disease can occur as:
InheritedCongenital (pups born with the problem)Acquired form (in later life)Iron deficiencyInfectionCancerBlood loss through alimentary tract (the entire canal from the mouth to the anus)Disease that causes disruption of RBCs

You will need to give a thorough history of your pet's health, including a background history of symptoms. After taking a complete history, your veterinarian will conduct a complete physical examination on your cat. 

Laboratory tests will include a complete blood profile, a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis. 

The results of these tests will provide valuable information for the diagnosis of the cause of the kidney failure and the extent of anemia related to it. 
Your veterinarian will be particularly interested in knowing the level of erythropoietin in the blood. 
Specific tests may be used to diagnose the underlying cause of the chronic kidney disease and resulting anemia. 
An examination of the bone marrow examination may be conducted to evaluate the structure and functions of bone marrow. 
X-ray and ultrasound imaging will show any abnormal structure of the kidneys that is typical in chronic kidney disease. 
Ultrasound may reveal smaller than normal or irregular-shaped kidneys, both characteristic of chronic kidney disease.
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness

The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
The end of the gastrointestinal tract; the opening at the end of the tract.
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
Term refers to the system in the body that deals with the processing of food and nutrients in between the mouth and the anus; may also be referred to as the GI tract, the intestinal tract, or the gastrointestinal tract.

Acetominophen (Tylenol) Poisoning in Cats-cat care

Acetaminophen is one of the most commonly used pain relievers, and it can be found in a variety of over-the-counter medications. 
Toxic levels can be reached when a pet is unintentionally over medicated with acetaminophen, or when a pet has gotten hold of medication and ingested it. 

Pet owners often do not realize their animals may break into medicine cabinets or chew through medicine bottles.
 It is important to be able to recognize the symptoms of toxicity, so that you can properly treat your pet if is has accidentally ingested medication.
Cats are especially sensitive to acetaminophen toxicity. 

They can experience toxicity levels with as low as 10 mg per kg body weight. 
The most common symptoms that you may notice in pets suffering from acetaminophen toxicity include:
Brownish-gray colored gumsLabored breathingSwollen face, neck or limbsHypothermia (abnormally low body temperature)VomitingJaundice (yellowish color to skin, whites of eyes), due to liver damageComa
If you believe that your cat has ingested acetaminophen, it will typically be treated as an emergency situation. Seek the advice of a medical professional immediately, as treatment may be necessary.
 Your veterinarian will perform a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis to determine the level of toxicity, so that a potential treatment can be prescribed.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness

Abnormal Urine Outflow Due to Urinary Bladder Dysfunction in Cats-cat care

Abnormal Urine Outflow Due to Urinary Bladder Dysfunction in Cats-cat care
Vesicourachal diverticula occurs when a fetus' urachus -- embryological canal or tube connecting the placenta with urinary bladder of fetus -- fails to close. 
This congenital condition impairs the animal's normal urine outflow and makes it susceptible to urinary tract infections. 

Moreover, the condition may persist indefinitely if not treated properly.
Often, vesicouracahal deiverticula occurs in the womb or during the birthing process. However, there is also an acquired form of the condition, which results from diseases that put undue pressure on the bladder (e.g., bacterial urinary tract infections, uroliths, and urethral plugs).
The acquired form is more common in cats with lower urinary tract disease; male cats are also at higher risk for vesicouracahal deiverticula than females.
You will need to give a thorough history of your cat’s health, including the onset and nature of the symptoms. 

The veterinarian will then conduct a complete physical examination, as well as a biochemistry profile, urinalysis, and complete blood count (CBC) -- the results of which help identify the underlying cause of the condition and the present of concurrent disorders.

The best tool for confirming diagnosis, however, is X-rays of the urethra and bladder while using contrast medium.

A tube found between the bladder and the outside of the body; used to assist in urination.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness

The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
The organ of mammals that comes while a female is pregnant; may also be referred to as afterbirth

Aggression in Cats (Overview)-cat care

Cats are small, and often become the target of other animals, making them vulnerable to all kinds of dangers. 
Anyone who owns a cat understands that it needs protection, especially from dangers that can be encountered outside of the house. 
This vulnerability accounts for the built-in aggression response cats have when they perceive a threat. 
Aggression can also come from fear, a health condition, genetic predisposition, an environmental change, or to protect its territory. 
 However, overaggressive behavior can make a cat difficult to live with.
Many aggressive signs are accompanied by a fearful body posture and facial expression, and with submissive behavior. Some cats exhibit these signs if they are cornered, feel like they cannot escape, or are provoked. 
 There are a few types of aggression, including intercat, predatory, territorial and those induced by fear, pain or punishment. 
Some common signs of these types of fear include:
StaringStalkingHissingSwattingPouncingShowing teethArched backTail straight upEars pulled backDilated pupilsRaised hair on the back (hackles up)Attacking with claws and teethMarking a territory by chin-rubbing or sprayingDrawing in the limbs (purpose: hide neck and belly)
Of these types, predatory behavior requires separate treatment because it is so strong in cats. Normal predatory behavior sets in at about five to seven weeks of age. Hunting behavior may be passed from mother to kitten because different skills are used to kill certain kinds of prey.
 By 14 weeks, a cat may be a very good hunter. 

Well-fed cats may not be predatory at all, or they may kill and only behead the prey. Stalking and hunting is more common in cats that must fend for themselves.
Stealth, silence, concentration, slinking, lowered head, twitching tail and pounce posture all characterize predatory behavior. 
The cat will then lunge or spring at the prey, clutching the object of its attack with its claws and teeth. 
A new male in a group may kill kittens to encourage a female to come into estrus, or heat. At times, a cat may “prey” on things that are not appropriate, such as a foot, a hand, or an infant.
The causes for inappropriate or unwanted aggression can come from many sources. 
For example, in the same way that some people have serious and grumpy dispositions, cats, can be born with an aggressive personality type, too. 
Also, if the cat had no human contact before the age of three months, or has not had social interaction with other cats, it simply does not know how to behave appropriately.
Conversely, if the cat shares the home with other cats (or animals), it may be asserting its hierarchy within the social group. 
This may be especially relevant as the cat reaches the age of social maturity -- around two to four years of age. 
Age is a significant consideration regarding behavior, since play aggression is an important developmental stage for a kitten. 
 Natural predatory behavior starts around 10 to 12 weeks of age, and will generally wind down on its own if you respond to it correctly.
Fear can also bring on aggression. 
Cats that are traumatized by unhealthy environments, such as shelters, cages, or overcrowded catteries, occasionally lash out aggressively. 

This can be particularly true if they have been abused by animals or humans, and especially so with children, since small children tend to be rough with animals. 
If your cat has developed a fear of children it may become aggressive with all children.
“Normal” acts of aggression can also take place when the cat feels a need to be on the defensive. 
A mother will naturally be aggressive in protecting her kittens, and likewise, a father cat will do the same. Some cats will stake a certain amount of territory as their own, and will physically assert their dominance of that territory.

If you have exhausted all of the motives that could be causing your cat's inappropriate behavior, and still not found a solution, you will want to take your cat to see your veterinarian, in case there is an underlying medical condition that needs to be treated. 
Sometimes aggression may indicate that the cat is in pain and does not want to be touched, or that it is suffering from an illness that is affecting its temper.

The diagnosis is generally made from observing dominance behavior, conflict aggression, and social status aggression.
 However, there are also some medical conditions that can bring on behavioral changes and that might be mistaken for aggression. 
Your veterinarian will want to rule these out before addressing any behavioral issues:

The act of urinating on objects or areas as a method of marking territory
a) The term for the plumage on the neck of some male birds
 b) The term for the hairs on the backs of certain types of animals

The time period in which a female is receptive to male attention
An animal’s tendency to overpower another, in character or in activity

Sunday, 1 September 2013

Cats and dogs Diabetes-cat care

Cats and dogs Diabetes
Cats are one of the most popular pets in North America. 
They are loving pets, capable of providing you years of companionship. 
 Like other pets, cats can sometimes get sick. 
 There are several different types of ailments that cats can get, one of which is feline diabetes. 
 Feline diabetes is a serious disease, although it can be treated by a veterinarian.
Diabetes is more common with humans than with cats or other animals. 
The cause of diabetes is actually quite simple. 

Sugar, or glucose, is found in the blood. 
The level of blood sugar in the body or the animal is kept under control by hormone insulin, which the pancreas produces.
 When the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, diabetes is to blame.
cat grooming tips
The symptoms of feline diabetes will vary. 
 The most common symptoms include an increase in urine and an increase in thirst. 
 Other symptoms of feline diabetes include a loss of appetite, weight loss, and a poor coat. An increase in thirst is easy to detect, as you can easily notice the water dish empty throughout the day.

If you don’t get your cat treated for feline diabetes immediately, the cat will eventually become inactive, vomit on a regular basis, and eventually fall into a coma.
 On the other hand, if you get the diabetes treated in time, the cat will more than likely lead a normal and healthy life. Keep in mind that treatment doesn’t happen overnight – it takes time and dedication.

Cats that have feline diabetes will need to be given food at the same time every day. They should be prevented from going outside as well.
 If your cat has diabetes, you’ll need to give him insulin shots once or twice or a day.
 Once your veterinarian checks your cat, he will tell you how many shots and how much insulin you need to give your cat.
cats dental care
Before you give your cat his insulin shot, you should always make sure that he has some food first. If he hasn’t eaten and you give him a shot anyway, he could end up with a hypoglycemic shock. 
This can also occur from too much insulin as well. 
A hypo can be really dangerous, and should be avoided at all costs. If your cat gets a hypoglycemic shock and you aren’t around, he may end up dying.
If you have to give insulin shots to your cat due to feline diabetes, you should always keep a watchful eye on him after you have administered the shot. After your cat has been on insulin for a period of time, your vet may reduce the amount of insulin.
 Even though he may have to stay on insulin the rest of his life, he will lead an otherwise healthy life.

Heartworm Treatment for Cats-cat care

Heartworm Treatment for Cats

As most pet owners already know, heartworm treatment for cats and dogs isn’t the same. Never, under any circumstances, should you give your cat heartworm treatment that is designed for a dog – or vice versa.
 Even though you may own both dogs and cats, you should always give them medicine that is designed for their species.
cat care
No matter how you look at it, heartworm treatment isn’t easy.
 Your goal is to get rid of the heartworms, although there are several factors that you’ll need to consider. 
The first thing to do is take your cat to the vet, as he will be able to run tests to determine just how many heartworms your pet has. 
 He can also find out how the worms are affecting your cat and if your cat can deal with any side effects that the treatment medicine may impose.

Heartworms are a very serious condition, as the worms will feast on the vital areas around your cat’s heart. 
 Treatment can be serious as well, especially if something goes wrong. 
 Veterinarians are trained to deal with heartworms though, in both cats and dogs.
 Even though you may be able to buy treatment medicine at your local department store, you should always consult with your vet before you give anything to your pet.
cats dental care
Treating your cat for heartworms may indeed be no treatment at all, as cats are extremely difficult to treat. 
 The dying worms have side effects as well, often times causing more than 1/3 of the treated cats to end up with serious problems. 
Dying worms can become lodged in the arteries of the heart, which are already inflamed due to the worms being there.
 When a lodged worm starts to decompose, it can lead to very serious problems. Pets that have a serious infestation with heartworms may need to spend some time at the hospital, to ensure that they are properly treated.

Some cats may not be able to take a certain type of heartworm treatment medicine. Depending on the side affects and how the medicine affects the cat, some breeds may not be able to take some of the better medicines. 
To determine the best treatment options for your cat, your vet will need to run several tests. Once the tests have concluded, your vet will be able to tell you the best options available for treatment.

cat grooming tips
With all diseases, prevention is a lot better and safer than treatment. 
 Be sure to talk to your vet and find out what heartworm prevention medication is the best to use. 
 Your vet can tell you what you need to get, and how to use it. 
This way, you can prevent your pet from getting heartworms – and the serious side effects and life threatening issues that go along with them.

Dealing with cat allergies-cat care

Dealing with cat allergies

Cats are one of the most loved pets in the world, no question about it. More than 50% of all households in the United States own dogs and cats. 
 Although cats are loved animals, cat allergies are one of the common forms of allergies. 
Statistics in the past have shown that over 10 million people in the U.S. alone have allergic reactions to cats - especially their fur.
cat care
The biggest cause of cat allergies is dander. 
The dander, is dust that is produced by the body of the cat. 
Dander is basically shed skin that comes off of cats, normally in the form of small flakes. Although dander can irritate your skin, it can also get into your immune system as well, resulting in a variety of symptoms and almost immediate allergic reactions.

The dander, once in the immune system, is perceived to be a threat. Even though it isn’t classified as a disease, it’s more of a reflex by your body and your immune system. Cat allergies occur quite often due to cats having allergens that are spread throughout their blood, urine, and saliva. Although a cat may not be present at the time, the excretions probably still are.

Cat dander, urine, and saliva, are found throughout the home of cat owners. 
Cats constantly groom themselves, which involves rubbing their saliva into their fur. 
When they do this, they spread their dander and allergens around. 
 Although you may try, there is really nothing that you can do about it. 
 Cats have a natural instinct to groom or bathe themselves, no matter how many baths you give them, you simply won’t stop them from grooming.
cats dental care
Normally, when someone is taking an allergic reaction to cats, he or she will wheeze, cough, sneeze, itch, have watery eyes, or a difficult time in breathing. 
 Different people react different ways to cat allergens, meaning that some symptoms may not occur at all. Fever and chills is very rare, although it can happen. 
If someone who has cat allergies comes down with fever and chills, you should contact a doctor immediately. Chances are, it isn’t an allergic reaction to cats, but instead another type of disease that a doctor will need to identify.

Cat allergies are normally treated with antihistamines and decongestants. 
Those that experience asthma attacks or other forms of allergies, normally take antihistamines. Decongestants on the other hand, are normally used to cure coughs and swollen nasal passages. Sometimes, doctors will recommend allergy shots as well.
 Allergy shots can help to prevent the attack, especially if someone is really allergic to cats. They are a good form of treatment and prevention, and they can also help to decrease the risk of allergies affecting the individual.

If you suspect that you have cat allergies, you should always make it a point to visit your doctor. 
 He will be able to further diagnose your situation, and give you the best options available for treatment. 
 If you do indeed suffer from cat allergies, the best way to stop the attacks is to get rid of your cat.

cat grooming tips
Getting rid of a cat can be a very tough thing to do. 
 If you have become allergic to your cat’s fur, there may be no other way to prevent attacks than to get rid of him.
 Although doctors can give you medicine and shots, it will only do so much. 
Cat allergens are no fun, especially if you develop them years after owning your cat. 
Cats are great animals to own - although cat allergies are something we could all live without.

Common meanings of cat behavior-cat care

Common meanings of cat behavior

A lot of people think that cats work on their own agenda, not paying much attention to their owner – provided they have clean litter, food, and water. 
Cats can behave in odd manners at times, which can easily confuse their owners and make it really hard to determine what the cat wants.
 As much as cat behavior can be confusing, there are some ways that you can solve common cat behavior mysteries.
cat care
A common behavior that almost all cats do is push their heads into any type of object that will allow them to do it. 
You’ve probably seen your cat do this before, probably against table legs, TV stands, or another object. 
This can be noticed more when you have other people who own animals or those with allergies over at your house. 
When a cat notices this, he will rub his head against the person. 
In doing so, he will put a touch of saliva on the individual. In a cat’s mind, he owns what he puts his saliva on.

cats dental care
By putting his saliva on something, that object or person will have a familiar scent. 
Although this can be very annoying, you have to understand that other people in your home are seen as odd or weird to your cat. When a cat does this, he is simply trying to make the visitor belong. 
When he brushes up against them and puts his saliva on them, he is trying to put his scent on them – which in his mind will mean that they belong in his territory.

Even though marking someone or something with saliva is beneficial to the cat, saliva is one of the most common forms of pet allergies. 
 When someone wipes the saliva off of them, the scent will be gone and the cat will go back and attempt to do it again. 

Even though it may appear that cats target those with allergies, cats are actually just trying to make the visitor belong at the house.
 If the guest simply cannot take the saliva, allow the cat to rub himself on their pants leg a few times. Normally, this is all takes for a cat to leave the person alone.
cat grooming tips
Those of you who an indoor cat should expect the cat to spend quite a bit of time lying near windows. 
During this time, you may hear your cat make very strange noises or weird movements. 
 You shouldn’t fear though, as he is simply acting out his hunting instincts. 
 Whether it’s another cat or object outside moving about, the cat will see it and simply go into his native hunting instinct.

As most already know, cats love to play. 
They love to played with, especially with toys. 
They will pounce on things on occasion, which should always be expected. 
If you try to prevent this type of behavior, your cat will take a very negative approach and you’ll end up with a lot of broken things in your home. 
 You can always play with your cat using a string, as he will love to chase the string around the room.

The longer you own your cat, the more odd behavior you’ll see him exhibit. 
Cats behave in strange ways, although they always have a reason for behaving the way they do.
 If you can understand why your cat behaves like he does, you’ll have no problems keeping him healthy and happy. 
If you simply pay attention to your cat and the way he behaves at times – you’ll be able to understand him better than ever before.

Healing Bad Cat Breath-cats dental care

Healing Bad Cat Breath
Cat owners know for a fact that bad cat breath can be downright awful. 
 It isn’t that much different from bad human breath, as both are caused by bacteria found in the mouth that breaks protein down and releases the sulfur compounds out into the air. Sulfur smells really bad on its own, which is why breath containing it smells bad as well. 
 The bacterium that causes bad breath with cats is normally associated with a buildup of tartar around the teeth. Tartar is yellow in color, known as a coating of bacteria, food, and minerals.
cat care
To cure your cat from bad breath, you’ll need to remove the buildup of tartar. 
There are several cat foods out there that are designed to reduce the buildup of tartar, many containing enzymes that will literally dissolve it. 
You can also give your cat treats as well, as many of them will help eliminate and prevent tartar. 
 If the buildup of tartar is bad, you may need to have your cat’s teeth professionally cleaned. Once the tartar has been removed, the bad breath will go away.

cats dental care
You may be able to clean the tartar off your cat’s teeth at home.
 There are several toothpastes available for pets, available in several different flavors. 
You’ll need to get a mechanical toothbrush, as the motion is very important for removing tartar buildup. 
Toothpastes that contain enzymes will dissolve tartar, helping to cure bad breath. 
 If you start early with brushing your cat’s teeth, you can virtually eliminate any type of tartar buildup that will ultimately lead to bad breath.

Some bacteria that lead to tartar can be found in your cat’s diet.
 When you feed him, you should always make sure that the food he consumes doesn’t contain a lot of bacteria. 
 If you shop healthy and feed him only healthy foods, it can help his bad breath a great deal. When you give your pet a treat, make sure that the treat is designed to help with tartar. 
After your cat has finished eating, you can brush his teeth or rinse his mouth out.  
This way, you’ll get the bacteria out of his mouth before it has time to build up on his teeth.
cat grooming tips
Sometimes, cats may have a bad odor in their mouth that doesn’t come from tartar or bad breath in general. 
In these rare cases, it can be either liver or kidney disease.
 If you notice bad breath and it isn’t tartar, you should take your cat to the vet.
 Even though it may be something to do with tartar, it’s better to be safe than sorry. 
Your veterinarian can pinpoint the problem, let you know what the cause is – and how you should go about fixing it.

Give your cat a pill-cat care

Give your cat a pill

Giving a cat a pill can be a nightmare. 
 No cat wants something shoved down his throat, and he will fight you tooth and nail to prevent it.
 Although most cats are small in size, you’d be quite amazed with how much power they actually have. 
There are ways that you can get your cat to take his pills, which we will cover below.

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The easiest way to give a cat pill is to crush the power into a powdery form by putting it between two spoons. 
Once the pill is powder, mix it in with some wet cat food. 
Cats that are used to eating dry cat food will see the wet food and think of it as a treat. 
 They will normally eat it up, unaware that they just took their medicine.

If the medicine happens to be in capsule form, all you have to do is pry the capsule apart then sprinkle the medicine on some wet food and serve it to your pet.
 If the food also contains the pill or if your pet is sick, chances are he won’t eat it. In this event, you should look into a pet piller. 
You can get these handy devices from your veterinarian. 
They are plastic rods that hold the pill until you press a plunger. 
 When you get one, you should always get a long one with a softer tip.

When you get your gun, your vet should show you how to use it. 
The most difficult aspect of using the gun is getting your cat to open his mouth. 
 The gun will more or less shoot the pill in the cat’s mouth, and down his throat. 
 You’ll need to hold him tight, to make sure that he doesn’t wiggle his way loose. 
Once you have his mouth open, you’ll need to squeeze the trigger and pull the gun away quickly. 
 After the pill has been inserted, make sure you give your cat a treat.
cats dental care
If you aren’t comfortable using the gun, you can always try giving your cat his pills by hand. To do it this way, you’ll need to hold your cat still, and open his mouth with your hand. 
Once you have his mouth open, you should aim for the back of his throat and throw the pill in. 
 Once it is in his mouth, you should close his mouth with your hand and hold it shut for a few moments. This way, your cat will swallow the pill if he hasn’t already. 

cat grooming tips
If you can’t get any of the above techniques to work, you can always go to a local pharmacy and get them to a make flavored gel or liquid using your cats medication. 
You should use this as a last resort though, as it can tend to get expensive.

Keeping cats out of your garden

keeping cats out of your garden
Your first line of defense when keeping cats out of your garden is to make sure that you have your boundaries secure. 
 If there are any gaps in your fence, you should make sure that you block them to prevent any low access. 
 Cats are very agile animals, and can jump very high. 
Normally they can jump a fence, which is why you should also invest in string or taut wire across the top.

If a cat has made his way into your garden, it may be hard to get him out. Most people choose to use dogs, simply because dogs are known to dislike cats. 
There are several dog breeds out there that completely dislike cats, such as pit bulls and Dobermans. 
Cats are completely fearful of these breeds, and will flee if they see them around.

All cats are known to despise water as well. 
 If you spot a cat in your garden, water almost always gets him out.
 All it takes is a bucket of water or a well aimed squirt with a garden hose to make him run away. 
 After you have hit the cat with water several times, he should get the hint not to come back anymore. If he comes back, simply squirt him or throw more water on him until he gets the idea.

Protecting your plants is a different story.
 Mothballs are said to be very effective, as cats don’t like the smell. 
You can use mothballs around your plants, garden borders, or even along the fence. 
There are other repellents that you can use as well, such as cayenne peppers, tobacco, lavender oil, citronella oil, mustard oil, and even lemon grass oil.

If you visit your local hardware or lawn store, you can find motion activated sprinklers. They work great in keeping cats out of your garden. 
Once you install the sprinkler system and a cat comes into the area, the detector will pick up the cat’s presence and immediately shoot out a jet of water that will douse the cat. 
 In most cases, all it takes is a few times of exposure to the sprinkler before a cat learns to stay out of that area.

Sound devices that feature high frequencies are also a great way to scare off cats, although they aren’t annoying to humans. 
You can find several different models, such as those that stay on all the time, and those that are motion detected. 
 To use this type of device, you’ll need to make sure that the model you have is strong enough to cover the entire area. 
 If you model you are using is strong enough to cover your entire garden, it should suffice in scaring off any unwanted animals.

You can also use commercial repellents as well. 
 Commercial repellents use scents to keep cats away, and shouldn’t be used near any food crops. 
Due to their high chemical content, commercial repellents can pollute your crops. 
You can find them at your local department store, with several varieties to choose from, many of which will fend off other animals from your garden as well.

If you have a garden, it can be very annoying if cats and other animals decide to make your garden their home. 
If you stick to your guns and do your part, you can prevent them from bothering your garden or your crops. 
Once you have secured your boundaries around the garden, you should try using water first. If water doesn’t seem to work, you can look into another method, such as commercial repellents.

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