jA0GCrZHAc6tUwR2BjdsX3ulDRI my cat care blog

Monday, 9 September 2013

Things To Know About Abused Cats-Cat care

Things To Know About Abused Cats
Cats that have been abused can appear severely maimed and damaged all over their exterior. 
Some may appear to be in perfect shape on the outside, although all of the damage they sustained may be internal or emotional. 
Even though physical damage is bad, emotional damage is much tougher to fix. Cats who have physical abuse will still answer to a soft touch and soft voice, as long as they know that the abuse has come to an end.
cat care
When you have a cat that has been emotionally abused, you’ll need to wait until the cat comes to you. You’ll need to use patience, as the cat will be confused and not know if you plan to hurt him or not. 
 If you take your time and let him know that you are nothing to fear, he will eventually come to you. When he starts to come to you, you can let him sniff you and pet him. 
After a while, he will learn that he can trust you and he will come to you when you call him.
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Yelling, raising your voice, or using disciplinary tools such as flyswatters or water guns the wrong way can lead to emotional damage. 
 If you continue to use the wrong means of discipline on an emotionally damaged cat, the cat can become mean or lethargic. 
When a cat turns mean, it’s not always a bad thing. Meaner cats are easier to reach, as they still care a bit about what happens to them – while lethargic cats could really care less.

Cats that have become lethargic won’t play, take treats, or respond to anything you say to them. With a lethargic cat, the ideal way to get him to respond is to bring in a companion cat. Over time, a lethargic cat will eventually look for attention, normally a scratch or a pat. When this happens, you should always use a soft voice and snuggle with him. 
 Never raise your voice at this point, and make sure you let the cat know that his behavior is a lot better.

You should make slow movements around a lethargic cat, as he is still quite traumatic. 
Once he is coming around and letting you touch him again, he is getting back to his normal self. Keep in mind that it may take some time, which is to be expected with this type of situation.
 If your cat starts to get upset again or if you raise your voice, he will hide again. If you continue to use a soft voice and have patience, your cat will eventually get past this. 
 If you get a cat that is lethargic, you should prepare yourself for a long and very intensive healing period.
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Angry or mean cats on the other hand, will either fight and scratch with you, or simply run away from you. 
With mean cats, the best thing to do is use gentle treatment with a soft voice. You can never try to raise your voice or use strict discipline, as it will only make the cat meaner. 
 Never attempt to trap the cat either, as trapping it will only make the cat react. If you take your time and let the cat know that you are there for him, he will eventually calm down.

Abused cats are truly a sad thing, although they are out there. Abused cats can be a sad thing to see indeed, especially those that were physically abused. 
Abused cats need a loving home and a loving owner who will give them the type of lifestyle they deserve. 
 Always remember that if you are dealing with an abused cat – you should always be as gentle as you possibly can.

Abnormal growths in the lower intestines of cats-Cat care

The growth of the flap-like protrusions in the cat is a condition called Rectoanal polyps anal and rectal walls. 
These polyps can be directly connected, connected to the intestinal walls (sessile), or through a cylindrical stalk-like connection.
The most Rectoanal polyps are non-cancerous, and only extensions of the innermost tissue lining of the intestinal wall. 

And while most cases of polyps in the rule are isolated, there are several polyps occasions suffering from cats.
The condition in this medical article described can dogs and cats influence. 

If you would like to learn how, Rectoanal polyps affects dogs, visit this page in the PetMD health library.
Cats suffer from Rectoanal polyps show tenderness or pain in the pass stool. 
The Chair are stained with blood or covered with mucus.
The exact cause of Rectoanal polyps is not clearly known. 

However, Rectoanal polyps are rare in cats, and neither race nor gender increases the likelihood of the clients of this disorder.
Your vet performs a thorough physical examination to your cat, considering the history of symptoms and possible errors that could have resulted in this State. 

Some of the common tests are a blood work and a urinalysis, which returns as normal. Imaging tools, such as x-rays and ultrasound do not apply for this specific diagnosis.
Some conditions that similarly caused by polyps can produce symptoms which are abscesses, tumors, inflammation, infection of the bowel and rectal prolapse. Diagnosis is typically a manual rectal exam the cat by a veterinarian, or by direct visualization of the polyp through the external anal opening.

Having a polyp is found, a colonoscopy with a steel pipe, flexible camera, can be conducted inserted through the anal opening, the presence of other polyps. 
A detailed pathological study of the tissue, as also the liquid from the polyps can also be filled out.
A thorough examination of the properties of urine; to determine the presence or absence of disease
The fall of something, as a rule visceral forward
A growth on the surface of the body
A type of mucus, which consists of certain salts, cells or leukocytes

Addison’s Disease in Cats-Cat care

Addison’s Disease in Cats
Hypoadrenocorticism is characterized by deficient production of glucocorticoids (cortisol) and/or mineralocorticoids (aldosterone). 
Mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids are hormones normally produced by the adrenal glands, which are located near the kidneys. Both of these hormones are critical to the healthy functioning of the body, and an abnormal increase or decrease of either of these hormones can lead to serious health problems if not addressed in time. 
Deficient production of both these hormones can affect the nervous system, the gastrointestinal system, the kidneys, or the cardiovascular system, and as a result, can lead to a number of symptoms, notably weakness, dehydration, low blood pressure, depression, heart toxicity, vomiting, blood in feces, and weight loss.

 No breed predilection is reported in cats, though it is very rarely reported in cats overall.
Symptoms can vary depending on the duration of the problem. Life-threatening symptoms are usually observed in acute episodes of this disease. 
The following symptoms are commonly observed in cats:
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiencyMetastatic tumorsLong term glucocorticoid withdrawal
You will need to give your veterinarian a thorough history of your cat's health and onset of symptoms. 
Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam on your pet, including routine laboratory tests, a complete blood count, biochemistry profile, and urinalysis. 
The complete blood count may reveal anemia, an abnormally high number of eosinophils (a type of white blood cells that readily stains with eosin dye), and an increased number of lymphocytes (also a type of white blood cell) called (lymphocytosis).

Serum biochemistry testing may reveal an abnormally higher level of potassium, and an accumulation in the blood of urea - nitrogenous waste products that are usually excreted out of the body through the urine (azotemia). 
Other findings include lower levels of sodium (hyponatremia) and chloride (hypochloremia), increased levels of calcium (hypercalcemia), increased liver enzymes, including ALT and AST, and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). The urinalysis may reveal a low concentration of urine. 

The definitive test for diagnosing this condition is by detecting the levels of cortisol in the body. Normally the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is produced by the pituitary gland, which then stimulates the adrenal glands to release their hormones. 
ACTH can be injected into the body to test the normal response functions of the adrenal glands.
 If your cat’s adrenal glands do not show an increase in the release of hormones after being given ACTH, then the diagnosis of hypoadrenocorticism will be confirmed. 
 Visual diagnostic procedures, like X-ray and ultrasound, may reveal smaller than normal adrenal glands.

A medical condition involving excessive thirst
The gland that is found at the bottom of the brain whose job is to maintain appropriate levels of hormones in the blood

The product of protein being metabolized; can be found in blood or urine.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness

A heightened number of lymphocytic leukocytes in the blood of an animal
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
Low amounts of glucose in the blood

The condition of having urea and other nitrogenous elements in an animal's blood.
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.

A medical condition in which the body has lost fluid or water in excessive amounts

The digestive tract containing the stomach and intestine
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.

Accumulation of Air Between Chest and Lungs in Cats-Cat care

Accumulation of Air Between Chest and Lungs in Cats
Pneumothorax is the medical term for an accumulation of air in the area between the cat's chest wall and lungs (the pleural space).

 It may be categorized as traumatic or spontaneous, and closed or open.
Both dogs and cats are susceptible to pneumothorax. If you would like to learn more about how this disease affects dogs please visit this page in the PetMD
health library.
There are four main categories of pneumothorax: traumatic, spontaneous, closed, and open. 
Symptoms vary depending on the type of pneumothorax, though some common signs include rapid breathing (tachypnea), difficulty breathing (dyspnea), shallow rapid breathing from the abdomen, and rapid heart rate (tachycardia).

Traumatic pneumothorax, which occurs when air accumulates in the pleural space and is due to some sort of trauma, such as a car accident, may be evident by the signs of shock.
Cats with spontaneous pneumothorax, on the other hand, may show sings of lung disease.
 Spontaneous pneumothorax is due to a non-traumatic cause, and may be primary (meaning it occurs in the absence of some underlying lung disease) or secondary (meaning it is associated with some type of underlying lung disease).
Open pneumothorax occurs when there is a defect located in the respiratory system, such as a puncture in the chest wall, resulting in contact between the pleural space and the outside atmosphere; closed pneumothorax, meanwhile, is identified as pneumothorax without any respiratory defects.
Traumatic pneumothorax is generally open, while spontaneous pneumothorax is always closed.
Another type of pneumothorax is tension pneumothorax, in which air is transferred into the pleural space during regular inhalation, becoming trapped, and creating a one-way transfer of air into the pleural space.
Causes vary depending on the type of pneumothorax. Traumatic pneumothorax may be due to a traumatic incident, such as a car accident, leading to penetrating injuries of the neck or chest. 
A surgical incision to the chest, or perforation of the esophagus during surgery may also lead to traumatic pneumothorax.
Spontaneous pneumothorax, meanwhile, may be caused by a foreign body in the lung, lung cancer or abscess, lung disease caused by parasites, or the development of blister-like structures in the cat's lungs, known as pulmonary bullae.
Two primary diagnostic procedures may be done in cases of suspected pneumothorax: thoracocentesis and bronchoscopy. 
Thoracocentesis, in which an intravenous (IV) catheter attached to an extension is inserted into the pleural cavity, can confirm diagnosis, and can also be used to remove air from the pleural space. 
Bronchoscopy involves the use of a thin tube with a tiny camera attached to it, inserted into the airways by way of the mouth. This is best done if there is evidence of tracheal or large airway trauma.

Additional diagnostic techniques may include X-ray imaging of the chest, and urine analysis.
The number of respirations per minute; one respiration equals an inhalation and exhalation
A medical condition in which the patient has an abnormally fast heartbeat
The puncturing of a hole in the wall of the chest as a means of drawing out fluid or air
The term for a quick heartbeat
A medical condition in which gas or air collects in the pleural space
Having a hard time breathing; breathing takes great pains
The tube that extends from the mouth to the stomach
The area between the folds of the pleura; airtight
A localized infection, usually a lesion filled with pus. Can be large or small in size.

Friday, 6 September 2013

Abnormal membrane opening in cats-cat care

Abnormal membrane opening in cats
Diaphragmatic hernias occur when an abdominal organ (such as stomach, liver, intestines, etc.) in an abnormal opening in the cat diaphragm, which separates the sheet of muscle moves the stomach into the chest area. 

This can occur (congenital) due to an acquired injury by a powerful shock such as a car accident or a defect at birth.
The condition or disease in this medical article described can dogs and cats influence. 
If you want to learn, as this disease this page in which PetMD library visit health concerns you dogs please.
Signs of a diaphragmatic hernia include irregular heartbeat, working breathing (especially after a powerful blow) and symptoms of shock. 

The abdomen may move fast (turf) or feel empty. 
Reactions can occur such as vomiting, diarrhea and flatulence because of damage to the bowel or stomach.
In congenital cases, the symptoms may not be immediately visible. 
Progressive symptoms are muffled heart sounds or heart murmurs, abdominal defects and problems with breathing.
 Characters can occur suddenly with damage to the intestine, spleen or liver.
In most cases, diaphragmatic hernia caused by trauma such as from a car or another powerful blow hit. 
Therefore diaphragmatic hernias occur most frequently with roaming cats for out there.
 The pressure of such an effect causes that allows an inner organs via the RIP sticking out a crack in the diaphragm.

The reason for congenital diaphragmatic hernia hernia is unknown, although certain breeds are more likely to develop this anomaly. 
Some breeds may be receptive, Himalayan cats show in particular higher numbers of congenital diaphragmatic hernia hernia. 
Other birth defects may in cats with a diaphragmatic hernia is born, and problems including rib fractures, organ failure and impaired lung expansion can further cause the condition.
The most useful diagnostic test is through the use of x-rays (X-ray), to uncover internal anomalies.
 If this is not sufficient, other imaging methods can be used such as ultrasound.
Other symptoms, at first seemingly caused by a diaphragmatic hernia is a collection of excess fluid in the space around the lungs or abnormally rapid breathing due to other causes.

Anemia Due to Chronic Kidney Disease in Cats

Production of red blood cells (RBCs) takes place in the bone marrow. 
For development and maturation of red blood cells to take place, bone marrow requires an adequate supply of a hormone called erythropoietin (EPO), a glycoprotein hormone that controls the production of red blood cells.
 Erythropoietin is produced by the kidneys. 
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), the kidney cannot produce an adequate amount of erythropoietin, resulting in bone marrow failure. 

Lack of RBC production will ultimately lead to anemia in cats that are suffering from chronic kidney failure. 
Middle-aged to older cats are most commonly affected by chronic kidney failure, but the condition may also occur in young cats.

As anemia in this case is principally related to chronic kidney disease, the symptoms are mixed, and relate to both CKD and anemia. Following are a few of the symptoms related to anemia in the presence of CKD:
Weight lossFatigueLethargyDepressionWeaknessApathy (state of indifference)Cold intoleranceChanges in behaviorTachypnea (rapid breathing)Tachycardia (rapid heartbeat)Syncope (fainting)Seizures

Following are some of the causes behind chronic kidney failure and anemia:
Chronic kidney disease can occur as:
InheritedCongenital (pups born with the problem)Acquired form (in later life)Iron deficiencyInfectionCancerBlood loss through alimentary tract (the entire canal from the mouth to the anus)Disease that causes disruption of RBCs

You will need to give a thorough history of your pet's health, including a background history of symptoms. After taking a complete history, your veterinarian will conduct a complete physical examination on your cat. 

Laboratory tests will include a complete blood profile, a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis. 

The results of these tests will provide valuable information for the diagnosis of the cause of the kidney failure and the extent of anemia related to it. 
Your veterinarian will be particularly interested in knowing the level of erythropoietin in the blood. 
Specific tests may be used to diagnose the underlying cause of the chronic kidney disease and resulting anemia. 
An examination of the bone marrow examination may be conducted to evaluate the structure and functions of bone marrow. 
X-ray and ultrasound imaging will show any abnormal structure of the kidneys that is typical in chronic kidney disease. 
Ultrasound may reveal smaller than normal or irregular-shaped kidneys, both characteristic of chronic kidney disease.
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness

The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
The end of the gastrointestinal tract; the opening at the end of the tract.
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
Term refers to the system in the body that deals with the processing of food and nutrients in between the mouth and the anus; may also be referred to as the GI tract, the intestinal tract, or the gastrointestinal tract.

Acetominophen (Tylenol) Poisoning in Cats-cat care

Acetaminophen is one of the most commonly used pain relievers, and it can be found in a variety of over-the-counter medications. 
Toxic levels can be reached when a pet is unintentionally over medicated with acetaminophen, or when a pet has gotten hold of medication and ingested it. 

Pet owners often do not realize their animals may break into medicine cabinets or chew through medicine bottles.
 It is important to be able to recognize the symptoms of toxicity, so that you can properly treat your pet if is has accidentally ingested medication.
Cats are especially sensitive to acetaminophen toxicity. 

They can experience toxicity levels with as low as 10 mg per kg body weight. 
The most common symptoms that you may notice in pets suffering from acetaminophen toxicity include:
Brownish-gray colored gumsLabored breathingSwollen face, neck or limbsHypothermia (abnormally low body temperature)VomitingJaundice (yellowish color to skin, whites of eyes), due to liver damageComa
If you believe that your cat has ingested acetaminophen, it will typically be treated as an emergency situation. Seek the advice of a medical professional immediately, as treatment may be necessary.
 Your veterinarian will perform a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis to determine the level of toxicity, so that a potential treatment can be prescribed.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness

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